Four million people in northern India have effectively lost their citizenship after their names were left out of a national database of registered citizens. The list now includes only those who were able to prove they were in Assam state before 1971. For the people who've been left out of this list, there's fear they might become stateless or even face deportation. Narendra Modi's government argues they could NOT produce valid documents. But Indian leaders have assured them there won't be any immediate deportations and people can appeal to have their names registered. This all goes back to Bangladesh's 1971 war of independence. That's when hundreds of thousands of people fled to India to escape the fighting. Many of them settled in the north-eastern part of the country, mainly in Assam. So, have they become stateless? And will this create further division?
Karma,16, has worked as a miner for over a year in India's northeastern state of Meghalaya, crawling deep inside a 'rat-hole' tunnel to dig coal for seven hours a day. "Inside it is very unstable. The smell is awful," he said sitting on a pile of coal. "It is so dirty, and it is difficult to move. You breathe in the coal and the dust. People get sick like this. There is no water to drink and it is so muddy. It is not nice at all." Child rights activists have reported that there are thousands of children like Karma working in Meghalaya's coal pits, because only those who are small in size are able fit in the claustrophobic tunnels. Many of them, like Karma, are believed to be from neighbouring Indian states, or from nearby Nepal and Bangladesh.
MNF rebels on their final march from Parva to Aizawl. For almost two decades of underground activities they decided to give up arms and ready to talk for peace. It was an emotion welcome for the President Mr. Laldenga, Vice President Zoramthanga and the comrades. They have surrendered but their future is uncertain.
The Khasi tribe, which lives in India and Bangladesh, is known for its matrilineal culture in which women dominate a family. As the economy develops, the life of Khasi is improving. There are more than one million Khasi people in India and around 30,000 in Bangladesh, mainly in northeastern Sylhet Division. Before partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, Khasi people belonged to one country. After partition, majority of Khasi live in India, and the rest in Bangladesh.
SOS Children's Villages has been present in India since 1963, their work developed rapidly all over the country and they started their activities in Shillong in 1999. Shillong is located in the north-eastern region of India, in an area renowned for its natural beauty and sometimes called the "Scotland of the East". SOS Children's Villages in Shillong is situated outside the city centre, on a green hill covered with pine trees. The land was donated by the Government of Meghalaya. They continue to work closely with local agencies and community-based organisations in order to identify families who are in need and then provide them with the support they require to improve their lives.